Established in 1989
Supported by UNFPA and
the Kobe City Government
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Manpower Development in the ASEAN Region
Since October 1992, the Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe has been conducting the 2nd Asian Urban Enquiry, a survey on urban problems in Asian countries, by means of a questionnaire method covering 200 cities in 10 countries, including Japan.
Based on the results of a previous survey conducted in 1989 and 1990, the second survey aims to grasp the measures Asian cities take toward changes and movement of population, as well as the accompanying problems of family planning, the environment and vehicle traffic. The results of the survey will be utilized to help the administrators of Asian countries in the future to plan and implement policies to cope with urban problems in their countries. Prior to carrying out this survey, the staff of the Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe visited the "access persons'' of the Asian countries responsible for carrying out the survey to ask for their cooperation. At the same time, the visits gave the staff a chance to grasp each country's present situation. During this trip, the staff also paid a visit to the Construction Manpower Development Foundation (hereafter referred to as the CMDF) and its training facility called the Construction Manpower Development Center (hereafter referred to as the CMDC) in Manila, the Philippines.
These visits to the CMDF and CMDC were made in connection with the Kobe city government's plan to dispatch two specialists to the CMDF's training courses for three months. One of the specialists was to teach driving techniques of truck and crawler cranes, as well as maintenance techniques to prevent machine trouble. The Other was to teach steel construction design and planning. These two specialists belong to the "Senior Citizen Overseas Cooperation Project" (Silver Volunteer Dispatch System) - a new project organized by the Kobe city government to contribute to the international cooperation at a city-to-city level by dispatching to Asian countries retired citizens who have expertise in their specialized fields.
In Japan, most retired people are 60 years old or older, and are called the ''Silver Generation." They were the driving force of Japan's postwar economic development, and later in the 1960s they worked hard to conquer the industrial pollution that drew public attention to this serious social problem. Although they are now retired, their experience and knowledge are important assets for coming generations.
We would like to introduce an outline of the unique features of CMDF's training courses.
2. Outline of the CMDF and CMDC
The Japanese government proposed the importance of manpower development at the 5th UNTAD General Assembly in April 1979, and gave its ''Bangkok Speech'' at the UNTAD meeting in January 1981. In response to these proposals, the CMDF was established in July 1981 as an institution of the Philippines government for comprehensive manpower development in the construction industry. In March 1985, upon completion of the training facilities, the CMDC opened as a facility to nurture instructors who can then train construction engineers and advisors who in turn train skilled workers in the construction field.
As a national technical center, the CMDC is responsible for technology transfer, the development and improvement of working methods, the development of its courses, and the training of supervisors and engineers. It is expected that the CMDC will open its doors not only to Filipinos, but to all people in Asian countries.
The technical fields of the construction industry covered by the CMDC's technology transfer courses are as follows:
(1) Heavy Equipment Operation (HEO)
(2) Heavy Equipment Maintenance (HEM)
(3) Welding (WEL)
(4) Plumbing /Pipe-fitting (P/L /PF)
(5) Industrial Electricity (IDE)
(6) Erection (ERE)
(7) Reber (REB)
(8) Masonry (MAS)
The training programs are divided into two parts: the Construction Management Development Program and Construction Methods Improvement Program.
1) Construction Management Development Program
This program was instituted in 1988 to foster small-scale contractors and project managers in their application of management principles and proper techniques for the earliest and most profitable completion of construction projects. The courses are formulated and periodically reviewed by the CMDF under the direction of Filipino contracting specialists. The lectures are drawn from seasoned project managers and engineering specialists. The Program consists of the following three courses:
(1) Construction Management Course
- for experienced project managers, owners and contractors
(2) Project Management Series
- for middle -level construction managers and engineers
* construction planning and control
* value- and cost-engineering
* project financial management and cost-control
* labor resource management
* QJVQC techniques
* construction methods
* computer-aided construction management
(3) Third Country Training Course
This is a special 30-day course that started in 1989 under the technical cooperation of JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). The course is held once a year, with the participation of eight local people and 12 overseas people, all working as project engineers or supervisors. The course focuses on the balance of management and engineering techniques at the operational level, with a special emphasis on the achievement of on-site productivity through the use of appropriate engineering and supervision methods.
2) Construction Methods Improvement Program
This program was organized in 1990. It is strongly supported by the JICA in terms of equipment, logistics and technology.
(1) Supervisory Development Course
- for project engineers, work supervisors/foremen and contractors
* heavy equipment work
* building construction and civil work
* steel construction and electro-mechanical work
3. Third Country Training Course
Of the above-mentioned training courses, the most unique would be the Third Country Training Course.
1) Third Country Training for the ASEAN region
For the purpose of introducing to the ASEAN region the results of technology transfer achieved at the CMDF, training courses were held for construction equipment engineers from January 13 to February 10, 1989, and in November 1989. The former had 15 participants from four countries, and the latter had 16 participants from four countries. In September 1990, another course was held for building construction engineers, with 19 participants from six countries.
2) Third Country Training for the ASEAN and Pacific Regions
This training course was started in 1992 for building construction management. The Course will continue for five more years until 1996. Held during the 1992 fiscal year, the course started a 60-day training program on January 25,1993, - joined by 16 people from 16 different Asian countries and six Filipinos. The actual number of participants are as follows:
* Application methods and other procedures for Third Country Training Course are follows:
(1) The CMDF prepares General Information (GI) on the training courses, and the forms of nomination and personal history. They are then sent through diplomatic channels - from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines to the embassy of the applicants' countries.
(2) Application can be made through JICA offices. Direct application on to the CMDF must be made through the Association of the Philippines Construction Industry.
(3) The CMDF is responsible for screening applicants, and for taking such necessary procedures as sending confirmation of acceptance, air tickets and other matters to the selected nominees.
We have introduced the CMDF a CMDC of the Philippines because the Philippines government has been actively promoting manpower development through these two institutions. The Asian Urban Information Center of Kobe would like to contribute to future manpower development in the ASEAN region in cooperation with the CMDF and other institutions in Asia.