City Report and Action Plan of Olongapo
Ms. Marivic Jadulco
1. City Report
1.1. Administrative Organizations and Duties for Urban Planning and Environmental Protection
1.2. Environment in Urban Policy Making
1.3. Priority Issue and Measures
2. Action Plan
2.2. Target Population
2.3. Resources and Constraints
2.4. Implementing Agency
2.5. Implementation Strategies
2.6. Action Plan by Quarters
2.7. Monitoring System
1. City Report
The primary agency responsible for Environmental Protection in the city is the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) through its Community Environment and Natural Resources Office (CENRO) which is under the national government. Because of the growing population of the city, the watershed areas and waters are increasingly pressured. Lack of support from the national government limits the programs that are undertaken by the DENR in the area. However, Olongapo City's work coordination with DENR is doing quite well but needs further refinement in terms of issuing clearance permissions to land ownership and titling to ensure that this will not run in conflict with the approved zoning ordinance of the city.
The city's Environmental Sanitation and Management Office (ESMO) is responsible for managing the solid waste program of the city. By the structure, the Local Chief Executive has direct control and supervision over ESMO in the implementation of the system. The City Health Office complements the work through its Sanitary Inspectors who issue citation tickets to violators of City Ordinances and Sanitation Laws.
With the city government still handling the waste management system, it will be in full control. Expenditures, use of equipment and disposal methods will be better monitored. Government revenues are assured, but only if garbage fees are collected and properly managed. Vehicles and other equipment remain with the government, and may be used for other purposes during emergencies.
Policies in the form of ordinances and executive orders were adopted in the city's solid waste management program. These policies conform to present needs and are adjusted to such exigencies as inflation, fuel price increases, base withdrawal, Mt. Pinatubo eruption, etc. Fees and rates were adjusted when the earnings in the initial years put the program in a deficit. Between 1989 and 1990, the City Council enacted eight ordinances or measures dealing with the utilization of the landfill area, the rates of solid waste collection fees, the schedules and mechanics of collection, etc.
The rapid economic development and urbanization experienced by the City of Olongapo in the past decades has also resulted in a decline in the quality of its environment. The most serious environmental problems that the city faces include the following:
Polluted Kalaklan River
The Environmental Sanitation and Management Office (ESMO) of the city is working on possible solutions to eliminate the riverside dumping of solid waste and other waste materials which is one of the causes of the river pollution. The plans include regular collection of garbage, desilting and dredging of heavily silted waterways, conducting an intensive information and education campaign, coordinating the City Government with the private water company and sewerage companies.
River cleaning activity by ESMO
2. Action Plan
The present waste generated and dumped at the existing landfill is composed of both compostable and non-compostable wastes. The site faces with funding problems for continued upgrading and has limited area for expansion.
The targeted group is the whole city population.
Funding is to be shouldered by the city government to initiate the program. The limited budget however, may not make the program sustainable.
City Environmental Sanitation and Management Office.
Conduct monthly review and quarterly meetings.